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Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)


Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of India. The organisation is involved in science, engineering and technology to harvest the benefits of outer space for India and the mankind.

ISRO was formed on August 15, 1969 and superseded INCOSPAR with an expanded role to harness space technology. ISRO has its headquarters in Bengaluru. ISRO was previously the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), set up by the Government of India in 1962, as envisioned by Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai. Department of Space was set up and ISRO was brought under Department of Space in 1972. ISRO has its headquarters in Bengaluru.

Vision of ISRO

The vision of the Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO is to harness, sustain and augment space technology for National development, while pursuing Space Science Research and Planetary Exploration.


Objectives of ISRO

The prime objective of ISRO is the development and application of space technology for national needs. The brief objectives are as follows:

To fulfil these objectives, ISRO has established major space systems for communication, television broadcasting and meteorological services; resources monitoring and management; space-based navigation services. ISRO has developed satellite launch vehicles, PSLV and GSLV, to place the satellites in the required orbits.

The various centres and units across the country and their activities & functions undertaken:

  1. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram – Launch Vehicles are built in this centre.

2. U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), Bengaluru – Satellites are designed and developed

3. Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota – Integration and launching of satellites and launch vehicles

4. Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), Valiamala & Bengaluru – Development of liquid stages including cryogenic stage

5. Space Applications Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad – Sensors for Communication and Remote Sensing satellites and application aspects of the space technology

6. National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad– Remote Sensing satellite data reception processing and dissemination


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